There are several ways one can make soap, but here at Tipper Valley Farm, we use the old-fashioned cold process method of making soap, yielding lye soap; just the way my family has been making it for the past 5 generations and counting! This is the oldest and most traditional way of making soap.
To make our all natural goat milk soaps, we must first obtain our goats’ milk. We milk our goats 2x daily. The milking process consists of sanitizing all milking equipment, cleaning the goat’s udder and teats, then gently hand-milking the goats. Once milked, the milk is brought inside to be strained into another sterilized jar and quickly placed in the fridge to cool, locking in its qualities. All equipment is then sterilized again, always before and after milking and only glass and stainless steel are used.
We then carefully measure out our oils, lye, essential oils, and measure out the milk last. We then heat the oils gently and mix the lye into the milk. Let the lye and milk mixture sit to the side and bring the oils and the lye/milk solution to the same temperature. This temperature varies between soapers, recipes, room temperature, and humidity. Once they reach the same temp, the lye/milk is slowly poured into the oils and mixed until completely blended. Once a trace is formed, the soap is poured into molds and set to the side to set up enough to be cut and then is placed on drying racks to cure for 6 weeks or longer.
This is a very crude summation of the soaping process, but it lets you know the general ideas. Later, I will share more pictures and the complete process of how to make soaps.